Healthcare Organizations and Culture
Culture affects the healthcare sector since it is meant to offer care services to people bearing dissimilar cultural backgrounds. In addition, the industry taps healthcare services from individuals with differing cultural backgrounds (Morrison, 2011). Therefore, some healthcare officials may not be entirely acculturated to a country's ideologies and practices. This implies that an ethic-based approach out to be exploited to guarantee just and respectable treatment. Organizational culture in healthcare organizations is based on bureaucracy implying that effecting change may be intricate. Poor organizational culture may generate numerous ethical issues within the healthcare sector since healthcare officials handle sensitive patient information.
Understanding the roles and concepts relating to the ethics committee is important, considering that health administrators are confronted by ethical situations that necessitate difficult decisions. Therefore, the health administrators can take their ethical issues to the ethics committees for evaluation prior to the generation of certain decisions (Rowland, 1997).
Ethics committees generate healthcare policies, educate on ethical matters and review patient cases (Hemmes, 1993). They utilize in-service educational programs in the enhancement of ethics awareness. Ethics committees are widely involved in policy development and evaluation of matters concerning clinical ethics (Post, Blustein & Dubler, 2006). They make reviews and provide recommendations on individual cases that bear ethical dilemmas. Institutional review boards (IRB) deal with the research ethics and possess various responsibilities. IRBs are required to make reviews on the finance proposals prior to their submission for consideration (Bankert & Amdur, 2006). IRB members are required to scrutinize research projects for any ethical issues prior to the commencement of these researches. Its members ought to possess adequate expertise relevant to research designs, as well as protocols (Schrag & Project Muse, 2010). They may offer consultancy services to researchers on the IRB requirements for certain clinical or medical research. In addition, they may educate researchers on the various formats and may be required to elucidate the decisions that the committees make regarding research ethics (Morrison, 2011).